Nota: artigo em inglês.
Esta lei permite que as pessoas trans mudem o seu nome e identidade de genero sem necessidade de permissão judicial. Por outro lado, dá axs pacientes mais controlo sobre os tratamentos médicos que desejam receber e os que não desejam, após serem informadxs. Esta lei retira, igualmente, a responsabilidade de profissionais que, ao trabalhar dentro da lei, são enfrentadxs com as decisões dxs pacientes.
" Gender Identity and Dignified Death Bills Passed in Lower House
A series of social laws was passed yesterday in the Lower House, achieving preliminary approval before continuing on the Upper House in Congress.
The gender identity bill was partially approved by the majority after five hours of debate. This law allows citizens to change their name and sexual identity without court permission. The president of the General Legislation Commission, Vilma Ibarra from the Nuevo Encuentro Party said: “This is an initiative which will bring respect and dignity to the transsexual people, which includes our Constitution and the human rights treaties that have been incorporated into it.”
Members of the Argentine Federation of Lesbian, Gays, Bisexuals and Transsexuals (FALGBT), the Travesties, Transsexuals and Transgender Association (ATTA), and the National Front for the Gender Identity Law in the Argentine Homosexual Community (CHA) were present during the session and celebrated the preliminary approval.
The part of the law which reached no agreement was that which relates to minors receiving hormonal treatment and sex change with the consent of their parents.
The dignified death bill has also been passed with the approval of 142 lawmakers. Six voted against it and two abstained. This law gives patients more control over which medical treatments they wish to receiveor reject after being informed of their situation. It also takes away the responsibility of the professionals who, working within the law, are faced with the patient’s decisions.
Projects that were also approved included the authorisation of joint military training with foreign troops, a bank holiday scheduled for the 27th of February 2012 celebrating the bicentenary creation of the national flag,and Argentina’s adherence to the Multilateral Investment Fund of the Inter-American Development Bank.
Additionally, lawmakers ratified agreements with Mercosur for the equalisation and recognition of primary and secondary education between the member states, with Unasur for the commitment to protect democracy and with Unesco for the creation of an international human rights centre in Buenos Aires.
Other bills such as assisted fertilisation and crimes against a minor’s integrity bill have not reached a conclusion. These will be further debated in 2012, after half of the parliamentary seats change."